PaRamEDIc assessment of laCTate in OHCA and survival to hospital (PREDICT protocol)

Background: Studies suggest that blood lactate differs between survivors and non-survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who are transported to hospital. The prognostic role of lactate taken during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remains unexplored. Aims: To measure the association between lactate taken during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, survival to hospital and 30-day mortality. Methods: This is a feasibility, single-centre, prospective cohort study. Eligible for inclusion are patients aged ≥18 years suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation, in the catchment of Newcastle or Gateshead hospitals, who are attended to by a study-trained specialist paramedic. Exclusions are known/apparent pregnancy, blunt or penetrating injury as primary cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and an absence of intravenous access. Between February 2020 and March 2021, 100 participants will be enrolled. Primary outcome is survival to hospital; secondary outcomes are return of spontaneous circulation at any time and 30-day mortality.

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