Paramedic transition into an academic role in universities: a scoping review

Objectives:In Australia and New Zealand, there is increasing demand for academically qualified paramedic practitioners to assume academic roles in university paramedic programs. However, little is known about the transition from paramedic practice to an academic role within a university. This scoping review was initiated to find any relevant literature that could answer the question, ‘What is known about the transition of industry-based paramedic professionals to academic roles in universities?’Design:This scoping review used a five-stage framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley, which identified the research question, relevant studies, study selection, charting the data and collating, and summarising and reporting results.Data sources:Key search terms were selected to achieve the broadest acquisition of potential articles and other sources of information. The terms were used to search Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL, Wiley Online, Informit, and Google Scholar databases. The SPIDER tool was used to assist with the determination of the key search terms used in this review.Review methods:An extensive search of titles was conducted, original articles were sourced and then inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to select articles that were appropriate to the research question.Results:In exploring the question: ‘What is known about the transition of industry-based paramedic professionals to academic roles in universities?” no articles were deemed relevant’.Conclusions:The dearth of literature on the transition of industry-based paramedics to academic roles within universities is a major gap but perhaps, not surprising, given that paramedicine is still moving toward professionalisation. However, as the paramedic profession matures, the demand for degree level education will increase, with an associated increase in demand for paramedic academics. Developing knowledge of transition experiences will be central to the successful recruitment of new paramedic academics.

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