Prehospital end-tidal carbon dioxide measurement

The most common method of measuring EtCO2 in clinical practice is the infrared analyser. Rays from a source of infrared light are passed through a sample of gas as a detector analyses the degree of...

Demystifying prehospital research in practice

Chapter 1 provides an introduction that starts by defining (prehospital) research and justifying its importance. For example, it points out an 800% increase of prehospital research on the PubMed...

Experiences of personal protective equipment and reasons for non-compliance

The aim of this review is to investigate paramedics' experiences of using PPE in order to better understand factors contributing to their non-adherence of PPE policy..

To what extent is end-tidal carbon dioxide a predictor of sepsis?

A systematic search was conducted to find strong primary quantitative research to determine to what extent low EtCO2 is a predictor of sepsis and if this has diagnostic value..

Spotlight on Research

Except for the RIGHT-2 study, pooled analyses of previous studies suggest that very early treatment with glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) of patients with acute ischaemic stroke or intracerebral haemorrhage...

Prehospital practitioner awareness and experience of CPR-induced consciousness

This cross-sectional study included quantitative and qualitative elements with an online anonymous survey of practitioners and a follow-up, confidential, one-to-one semi-structured interview with...

Diagnostic ability of a computer algorithm to identify prehospital STEMI

Ethical approval for this project was obtained through the Monash University Human Research Ethics Committee (project number 13926), and the AV Research Governance Committee..

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB): a review for the prehospital clinician

The literature search identified 387 results and, once duplicates had been removed, 262 results remained. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) method (Moher...

Troponin testing in primary care: can it improve diagnosis and prevent admission?

The limitations of this systematic review largely concern the quality of the included studies. With all studies scoring either three or below on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine Levels of...

Prehospital administration of calcium in trauma

Calcium ions initiate actin-myosin filament binding, resulting in myofibril (muscle-fibre) shortening and muscle contraction. Depletion of calcium ions because of loss during haemorrhage and...

Prognostic value of lactate in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a prospective cohort study

A single-centre, prospective cohort study was conducted by North East Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust between 17 February 2020 and 31 March 2021..

Predicting conveyance to the emergency department for older adults who fall

North West–Greater Manchester North West Research Ethics Committee (18/NW/0763) and the Health Research Authority provided ethics approval for this study..