Research

Community paramedicine home visits: patient perceptions and experiences

Background: Community paramedicine (CP) is an emerging model of community-based healthcare delivered around the world by paramedics with additional skills, education and training. There is a lack of qualitative research on patient perceptions and experiences of this phenomenon. Aims: The study aimed to explore patient perceptions and experiences of CP home visits delivered by specialist paramedics (SPs) in a Scottish urban general practice home-visit setting. Patient acceptance and CP...

Mental health assessment and triage in an ambulance clinical contact centre

Background: With increasing numbers of emergency calls to ambulance services, exploration of the triage and management of mental health calls is valuable, given their volume and duration. Studies have explored these calls from patient and practitioner perspectives, but few have considered the perspective of the practitioners assessing patients over the phone in terms of clinical capability. Aim: This study aimed to explore the thoughts, feelings and educational requirements of paramedics and...

How it's done: search tools and techniques for major bibliographic databases

This article explains how to write an effective search plan using simple steps. The article takes you through the tools and techniques that are widely used in major bibliographic databases such as MEDLINE and CINAHL to conduct searches. These include Boolean logic, truncation and wildcards, in-field searching, proximity operators, limits and subject thesauri. Each process is illustrated with an example to help you apply them to your own searches. The process of using these tools and techniques...

Staff wellbeing: a matter for quality indicators or a concern in its own right?

Despite assurance measures being developed alongside expanding scopes of practice, poor NHS ambulance staff wellbeing means high-quality job performance and patient care are not guaranteed. The UK's service is struggling to cope with growing demand and is not fully adapting from its historical emergency response role to meet modern-day urgent care needs. This puts unnecessary pressures and risks of stress from exhausting, intense work on to its most valuable resource: staff. Detrimental...

PaRamEDIc assessment of laCTate in OHCA and survival to hospital (PREDICT protocol)

Background: Studies suggest that blood lactate differs between survivors and non-survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who are transported to hospital. The prognostic role of lactate taken during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remains unexplored. Aims: To measure the association between lactate taken during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, survival to hospital and 30-day mortality. Methods: This is a feasibility, single-centre, prospective cohort study. Eligible for inclusion are...

Prehospital osmotherapy in isolated traumatic brain injury: a systematic review

Background: Isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for 30% of injury-related deaths globally, with significant cost to individual health, lifestyle and the economy. Despite advances in prehospital trauma care, frontline paramedics have limited options to manage cerebral oedema and herniation. Prehospital osmotherapy could limit cerebral oedema and subsequent secondary brain injury, but uncertainties remain of its benefit to patient outcomes. Aim: This study aimed to explore whether...

Mechanical chest compressions and survival in the emergency setting

Advances in cardiac arrest management have led to the use of a mechanical chest compression device in an attempt to improve outcomes in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This systematic review set out to identify whether the inclusion of the mechanical device improves survival rates in the cardiac arrest patient within the emergency setting, and explored the themes: training, environment and time of device deployment. The systematic review measured the value of mechanical chest compression...

Where to now? Searching beyond Medline

This article looks at the tools available to you to extend your search beyond the major bibliographic sources. The article identifies the type of literature you can find and which tools are suitable to use to find them. It aims to help you to broaden the scope of your search to find more relevant material. There is a warning about predatory journals and the need to take a critical approach to material that has not been peer-reviewed.

Focused cardiac ultrasound in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a literature review

Focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is emerging in emergency medical systems, particularly in the context of prognostication in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, FoCUS has not been formally incorporated into UK guidelines because of a lack of evidence. Furthermore, concerns have been raised that FoCUS can distract people from providing other essential and evidenced elements of care. This broad literature search aims to shed light on the practice of FoCUS in cardiac arrest by reviewing...

View all Research

Keep up to date with Journal of Paramedic Practice!

Sign up to Journal of Paramedic Practice’s regular newsletters and keep up-to-date with the very latest clinical research and CPD we publish each month.